The Divine Comedy in the classroom is often studied to the core: pasafrasis of the songs, summaries of the Cantiche, commentary, analysis, up to even short themes and essays.
A real torture for students who often don't really know where to start. How to do then? Simple: trust us! Here then is a short essay on the Divine Comedy, from which you can take inspiration for your homework.

Not to be missed: How to write a short essay

Saggio Breve sulla Divina Commedia


The track of the short essay is: The female figures in the Divine Comedy . Documents Dossier:

Document 1.

"Oh, when you have returned to the world / and rested from the long way, " / the third spirit went on to the second, / "remember me, that I am the Pia; / Siena did me, undo me Maremma: / let him who 'nnanellata pria / arranging me with his gem "(Purgatory, V, vv. 130-136)

Document 2. Inferno, Canto V, vv. 82-142

Which doves from disio you call

with the wings raised and firm to the sweet nest

vegnon for the air, from wanting to bring;

such that go out of the row where Dido is,

to us coming for the evil spirit,

so strong was the affectionate cry.

«O animal graceful and benign

that by visiting you go for lost

we who turned the world of blood,

if the king of the universe were friends,

we would pray to him for your peace,
then you have mercy on our evil perverse.
What you like to hear and talk about,
we will hear and speak to you,
while the wind, as it does, is silent.
The earth where I was born sits
on the marina where the Po descends
to have peace with the followers on.
Love, which is learned by the gentle rat,
he took this beautiful person
which was taken from me; and the way still offends me.
Love that exempts no one loved from loving in return,
he took me so much pleasure,
which, as you can see, still does not abandon me.
Love led us to a death.
Caina waits for those who killed us for life. "
These words from them out of doors.
When I understood that offended soul,
bowed his face, and kept it low,
until the poet said to me, "What do you think?"
When I answered, I began: "Oh lasso,
how many sweets I think, how much I hate
brought them to the painful step! ».
Then I turned to them and talked to me,
and I began: «Francesca, your martyrs
at lagrimar they make me sad and pious.
But tell me: in the time of sweet sighs,
to what and how he bestowed love
that you knew the doubtful desires? »
And that to me: «No more pain
than to remember the happy time
in misery; and that your doctor knows.
But if the first root is known
you have such affection for our love,
I will say like the one who cries and says.
We read one day for pleasure
of Lancialotto as love held him;
we were alone and without any suspicion.
For more fïate the eyes pushed us
that reading, and wrinkled your face;
but only one point was what won us.
When we read the disheveled laugh
to be beaten by such a lover,
these, which I never divided from myself,
my mouth was all trembling.
Galeotto was the book and who wrote it:
that day we no longer read ahead of you ».
While that one breath said this,
the other piangëa; yes that of mercy
I came less as I died.
And I fell as a dead body falls.

Document 3. Purgatory, XXX, vv. 58-75

Almost admiral who stern and bow

comes to see the people who minister

for the other woods, and to make well the incora;

up the side of the left wagon,

when I turned to the sound of my name,

which of necessity is recorded here,

I saw the woman who first appeared to me

veiled under the angelic feast,

straighten their eyes towards me from here on the river.

All that the vel that came down her head,

circled by the fronds of Minerva,

did not leave it to be apparent,

royally the act still protects it

he continued as he says

It is the warmest to speak behind reserva:

"Look at us well! I am well, I am Beatrice.

How did you deign to access the mountain?

did you not know that the happy man is here? ".


First you need to give a title and a delivery to the short essay:

  • Short essay Divine Comedy Title: The female universe of Comedy
  • Short essay Divine Comedy Delivery: literary magazine


Dante's Divine Comedy is full of female figures: they are women of Greek myths, of the Bible, of history, of the collective imagination.


The figure that emerges among all of them is obviously Beatrice. In reality Beatrice is the daughter of Folco Portinari, and Dante sees her for the first time at 9 years old and falls in love with her. However, both marry different people, and in the meantime Beatrice dies at the age of 24: thus she becomes the protagonist of the New Life and one of the main figures in the Divine Comedy.

In the first two canticles Beatrice appears through Dante's words: it is the thought that encourages the poet to continue the journey in the most difficult moments. She will then appear in chant XXX of Purgatory, in which she will reproach Dante saying that he preferred earthly goods to her. Dante accepts the rebuke and continues the journey to Paradise with her. However, there is a difference between Beatrice dell'Inferno and Beatrice who appears at the end of Purgatory: while in fact in the first canticle she still has stylistic features, with eyes like the stars and speaking in a sweet voice, subsequently instead she takes on more complex, becoming the symbol of faith, of rational theology. Another particularly important figure is Pia de 'Tolomei, whom Dante meets in canto V of Purgatory, among those who have suffered a violent death.

Only 7 verses are dedicated to the woman, but these are poignant verses and an elevated lyricism: Pia asks the poet to pray for her once back in the world of the living, and of all her life she only remembers the love for her husband, the man who killed her. And despite this, Pia still loves him: he is perceived by words, by the fact that he represents the fulcrum of his speech. A different figure from the previous ones is Francesca da Rimini, whom Dante meets with Paolo Malatesta in the V canto of Hell between lustful. The woman is an adulteress and has cheated on her husband Gianciotto with the latter's brother, Paolo.

However, the betrayal narrated by Francesca takes on poetic, stilnovistic characteristics and even seems to be tasted: how can you resist love, which is made of pleasure and beauty?


These are only three examples of the female figures present in Dante's Comedy. Three examples, however, that represent different types of love: high, sublime love for God, embodied by Beatrice; Pia's love that goes beyond the world of the underworld and forgives, despite having been violently cut off; Francesca's adulterous love, which despite the sin committed, under the poet does not totally condemn … And how could it be? Let's not forget that Dante, married with children, dedicated works of a certain thickness to another woman!

Do you need a theme? Read here:

  • General Divine Comedy theme


Find out how to study the Divine Comedy perfectly:

  • Summary on Divine Comedy in general
  • Notes on the Divine Comedy: paraphrases and summaries


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