GOODBYE TO THE MOUNTAINS ANALYSIS OF THE TEXT RHETORIC FIGURES. The Farewell to the Mountains is Lucia's dramatic solo, as she crosses Lake Como on a rowboat to escape her own country together with her mother and her promised husband, Renzo. It is one of the most significant and touching passages of I Promessi Sposi and of Italian literature that Alessandro Manzoni has delivered to posterity and for this reason you will probably be asked to paraphrase, analyze the text and summarize this conclusive passage of the eighth chapter of the novel.
The Farewell to the Mountains, in fact, is practically considered a real poetic composition also because of the presence of many rhetorical figures .
If you need to analyze in detail this passage from I Promessi Sposi, we advise you to continue reading this guide, if, on the other hand, you need a comment and a summary, read here: Farewell to the Monti di Lucia: summary and comment
GOODBYE TO THE MOUNTAINS, ANALYSIS OF THE TEXT: UNDERSTANDING. For our analysis of the text of the Farewell to the Mountains we start from the understanding (which will also be useful for paraphrase) in order to better frame this passage of I Promessi Sposi by Alessandro Manzoni. So let's take a small step back and specify that Lucia, her mother and Renzo, following Fra Cristoforo's plan, are fleeing their country on a boat that sails towards the Adda, in order to escape the evil intent of Don Rodrigo after the famous "night of cheating" on Friday 10 November 1628 (if in doubt, read the Summary of chapter 8 of The Betrothed ). In this context Manzoni inserts the Farewell to the Mountains, the famous passage that refers to the thoughts of Lucia who, crying silently sitting on the boat, observes the hometown going away more and more.
Lucia addresses her sad farewell to the elements of the landscape dear to her: the mountains of Lecco, streams and villages are familiar to her to the point that in her mind they come to life and, as she lists them, she compares them to the faces of family members, to their voices. The houses thus become scattered flocks and no longer simple inanimate constructions. His thoughts then go to those who migrate by voluntary choice, driven by the desire to improve their living conditions and the dream of returning, one day, to be richer.
The confrontation with her situation is then inevitably full of all the sadness of this forced farewell: those who, like her, are forced to flee their country for reasons of force majeure, without the certainty of returning there have a mood of all different.
Lucia then makes a consideration: for her and people like her, happiness was already there, in the place where they were born and raised, and they would not have thought of going to look for it elsewhere. The text ends with what is the ultimate goal of Manzoni's work, the concept according to which faith in Divine Providence allows you to tolerate and overcome even the most serious tragedies because it keeps on the hope that every action will ultimately tend towards a supreme good belonging to a divine plan, and therefore just, foreign to man.
Starting from this chapter the two promised spouses separate and their stories are followed individually by the narrator until chapter 36, where Renzo and Lucia will meet again.
Farewell to the mountains: rhetorical figures. There are many rhetorical figures in the text, which we have analyzed to facilitate understanding of the poetic text:
- Similarities: similitude is a rhetorical figure that compares two concepts. Here are the examples in the Manzonian text: no less so than the aspect of his most familiar ones; like the sound of domestic voices; like herds of grazing sheep.
- Phonosymbolism : indicates the ability of the sounds of language, with which the auditory sensations are reproduced: in fact when Lucia then retraces with nostalgia the environment in which she grew up and to whom she is fond, she thinks of the mountains and streams, whose shower evokes this melancholy.
- Anaphora: it is a rhetorical figure that consists in repeating one or more words at the beginning of sentences or subsequent verses, to underline an image or a concept. The repetition of the word " farewell " emphasizes nostalgia and attachment to the place. We also find the repetition of " chi ", used in the verses v.567, 569. Other repetitions present in verses 572, 574, 575 with the word " home "; repetition of " more expensive " in verses 569, 570; repetition of " discovered ", verses 547, 548; r i petition of " where ", in verses 577, 578.
- Litote: rhetorical figure that consists in the attenuated formulation of a judgment or an idea through the denial of its opposite. We find it when Lucia greets Renzo's house, in front of which she passed " not without redness " (litote), and in which she dreamed of living peacefully as a bride.
- Epanalessi (or geminatio ): rhetorical figure consisting in the repetition of one or more words in the same period; examples: shut up shut up, v.530 and down down v. 546
- Asindeto: consists of a list of terms or propositions, without the use of conjunctions; examples in the text: villages, houses, huts, v.543
- Alliteration : rhetorical figure that provides for the repetition at the beginning (and less frequently within) of words near the same consonant to produce particular sound and meaning effects. In the text it is present in verses 574-576 with the repetition of the letters td.
- Another element to underline is the frequent use of diminutives : building, towards 543, casucce, towards 545, small village, towards 547, lodge, towards 548, casuccia, towards 565, campicello, towards 565.
Do you need a theme? Read: Farewell to the Monti di Lucia: topic
MARRIED PROMISES: EVERYTHING TO STUDY. All you need to study and learn more about the Promessi Sposi novel, can be found at these links:
- How to analyze the text of the Betrothed
- Short Summary Promessi Sposi
- Summary Betrothed Chapter by chapter
- Summary and analysis of I Promessi Sposi
- The characters of I Promessi Sposi
- Physical description of the Promessi Sposi characters
- Promessi Sposi analysis: all the chapters
- The Betrothed: comment
- Promessi Sposi: summary, analysis and topics
- If you have to make a theme in class on the Betrothed and you are in difficulty here are our indispensable tips: Theme on the Betrothed played
- The most famous phrases of the Betrothed
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